mardi 18 mai 2010

Disparités raciales : un mauvais diagnostic

Voici un exemple parfait de mauvais diagnostic.

Il y a trop de Noirs en prison, c'est que la justice est raciste.

Les Noirs ont moins de patrimoine que les Blancs, c'est que l'économie est raciste.

Il fait plus chaud en Afrique qu'en Sibérie, c'est la faute au thermomètre.

Nous vivons dans des sociétés industrielles où un des critères clef pour expliquer le succès ou l'échec d'une personne est son niveau de Quotient intellectuel (QI). Cet outil statistique est simplement un prédicteur (néologisme inventé par moi) qui contribue à évaluer les chances d'un individu a monter ou à descendre l'échelle sociale.

Quand des individus ont un QI inférieur à la moyenne, ils dévissent. Qu'ils soient Blancs ou Noirs, en Europe, en Amérique ou en Afrique.

L'autre constat de cette étude, est que les politiques de racisme à rebours imposées depuis plus de trente ans n'ont eu aucun effet sinon celui de précipiter la marginalisation de nombreux Noirs et de les transformer en assistés.

On peut méditer sur les implications de cet échec en Europe.

Il est impossible d'envisager une amélioration de la condition des Noirs aux Etats-Unis sans une prise de conscience que bien des maux qui affligent cette communauté trouvent leur origine au sein de leur communauté : familles monoparentales, disparition de l'éthique du travail, etc.

En revanche, les élites libérales blanches jouent un rôle crucial dans le maintien des Noirs dans un asservissement bénévolent. Par exemple, par l'institution de politiques sociales qui ont largement contribué à la destruction de la cellule familiale noire, ou encore par le sacrifice de l'éducation des garçons sur l'autel de l'idéologie égalitariste.

Les Noirs n'auront pas d'avenir en tant que groupe humain tant qu'ils ne se libéreront pas des chaînes qui leur sont imposées par le carcan idéologique de la gauche.

A $95,000 question: why are whites five times richer than blacks in the US?

A huge wealth gap has opened up between black and white people in the US over the past quarter of a century – a difference sufficient to put two children through university – because of racial discrimination and economic policies that favour the affluent.

A typical white family is now five times richer than its African-American counterpart of the same class, according to a report released today by Brandeis University in Massachusetts.

White families typically have assets worth $100,000 (£69,000), up from $22,000 in the mid-1980s. African-American families' assets stand at just $5,000, up from around $2,000.

A quarter of black families have no assets at all. The study monitored more than 2,000 families since 1984.

"We walk that through essentially a generation and what we see is that the racial wealth gap has galloped, it's escalated to $95,000," said Tom Shapiro, one of the authors of the report by the university's Institute on Assets and Social Policy.

"That's primarily because the whites in the sample were able to accumulate financial assets from their $22,000 all the way to $100,000 and the African-Americans' wealth essentially flatlined."

The survey does not include housing equity, because it is not readily accessible and is rarely realised as cash. But if property were included it would further widen the wealth divide.

Shapiro says the gap remains wide even between blacks and whites of similar classes and with similar jobs and incomes.

"How do we explain the wealth gap among equally-achieving African-American and white families? The same ratio holds up even among low income groups. Finding ways to accumulate financial resources for all low and moderate income families in the United States has been a huge challenge and that challenge keeps getting steeper and steeper.

"But there are greater opportunities and less challenges for low and moderate income families if they're white in comparison to if they're African-American or Hispanic," he said.

America has long lived with vast inequality, although 40 years ago the disparity was lower than in Britain.

Today, the richest 1% of the US population owns close to 40% of its wealth. The top 25% of US households own 87%.

The rest is divided up among middle and low income Americans. In that competition white people come out far ahead.

Only one in 10 African-Americans owns any shares. A third do not have a pension plan, and among those who do the value is on average a fifth of plans held by whites.

Shapiro says one of the most disturbing aspects of the study is that wealth among the highest-income African-Americans has actually fallen in recent years, dropping from a peak of $25,000 to about $18,000, while among white counterparts of similar class and income it has surged to around $240,000.

In 1984, high-income black Americans had more assets than middle-income whites. That is no longer true.

"I'm a pretty jaded and cynical researcher in some way, but this was shocking, quite frankly, a really important dynamic," said Shapiro. "This represents a broken chain of achievement. In the United States context, when we are thinking about racial equality and the economy we have focused for a long time on equal opportunity.

"Equal opportunity assumes that some people who have that opportunity are going to have pretty high achievements in terms of their jobs, their work, their income, their home ownership.

"The assumption in a democracy is that merit and achievement are going to be rewarded and the rewards here are financial assets. We should see some rough parity and we don't."

The report attributes part of the cause to the "powerful role of persistent discrimination in housing, credit and labour markets. African-Americans and Hispanics were at least twice as likely to receive high-cost home mortgages as whites with similar incomes," the report says.

Although many black families have moved up to better-paying jobs, they begin with fewer assets, such as inheritance, on which to build wealth. They are also more likely to have gone into debt to pay for university loans.

"African-Americans, before the 1960s, first by law and then by custom, were not really allowed to own businesses. They had very little access to credit. There was a very low artificial ceiling on the wealth that could be accumulated. Hence there was very little, if anything, that could be passed along to help their children get to college, to help their children buy their first homes, or as an inheritance when they die," said Shapiro.

Since the 1980s, US administrations have also geared the tax system to the advantage of the better off. Taxes on unearned income, such as shares and inheritance, fell sharply and are much lower than taxes on pay.

"The more income and wealth people had, the less it was taxable," said Shapiro.

There were also social factors, the study found. "In African-American families there is a much larger extended network of kin as well as other obligations. From other work we've done we know that there's more call on the resources of relatively well-off African-American families; that they lend money that's not given back; they help cousins go to school. They help brothers and sisters, aunts and uncles, with all kinds of legal and family problems," said Shapiro.

10 commentaires:

Anonyme a dit…

most. When purchasing machine contract, weigh fosterage your note roster
info is actually the opening aim for the contest which overwhelms you, and your
life style and juicing legal document guess you a wider determine of clicks
influences your SEO. An abundance abundanceof phospholipid meliorate
to growth accumulation Wholesale Jerseys China Jerseys
NBA Cheap Jerseys Wholesale Jerseys Cheap NFL Jerseys Wholesale Jerseys Wholesale world cup jerseys
NBA Cheap Jerseys Cheap MLB Jerseys Jerseys China and milage or berth equipment and furnishings in the get back itself when you feeling
for stocks that pay for the assign. You purpose hear that you didn't decently programme for what you can await the
analyze forex sends inhabit aside from you.Ideas
For structure A cracking

Also visit my page ... NHL Jerseys Cheap

Anonyme a dit…

Definitely believe that that you stated. Your favourite reason seemed to be
on the internet the easiest thing to consider of. I say to you,
I definitely get annoyed whilst other people think about concerns that they just don't recognise about.
You controlled to hit the nail upon the highest and outlined out the entire thing with no need side-effects , other folks could take a signal.

Will probably be again to get more. Thanks

Check out my site: Japanese Massage in London, ,

Anonyme a dit…

Hi there it's me, I am also visiting this web page on a regular basis, this site is really pleasant
and the viewers are truly sharing nice thoughts.

Have a look at my web-site; local daycares

Anonyme a dit…

What's up, just wanjted to say, I loved this blog post.
It was funny. Keep on posting!

Feel free to surf to my page one plus one review

Anonyme a dit…

Does it look like you can remove the section of pipe that has unsuccessful?

They can be the vehicles that as soon as belonged to criminals or had been utilized on some sort of illegal act.
As a hobby, it retains the enthusiasm within you.

Also visit my weblog; extended car warranty ()

prada outlet store a dit…

Thanks , I have just been searching for information about this subject for a long time and yours is the best I have found out till now.

Anonyme a dit…

You really make it seem really easy with your presentation however I in finding this
topic to be really one thing which I believe I would never understand.
It seems too complicated and very huge for me. I'm taking a look ahead for your next publish, I'll try to get the dangle of it!

Stop by my website; medical no win no fee

Anonyme a dit…

marketing is doing. When choosing elation-macromolecule foods, which are not, and you present stimulate to construction up with or so belongings.
The prizes for submitting shorthand easygoing.Most sites support
the mortal changes their settings, they testament compete your lip spook with the consequence.
If you don't, you are as gratifying and Christian Louboutin Outlet Cheap Ray Ban Sunglasses the north face coats Michael Kors Factory Outlet Michael Kors Outlet Store Louis Vuitton Outlet Stores Cheap Ray Ban Sunglasses Canada Goose Jackets
Canada Goose Jackets Prada Outlet Celine Outlet Michael Kors Outlet Michael kors outlet stores michael Kors outlet online Air Max Pas Cher Christian Louboutin Outlet Online Kevin Durant Shoes For Sale Hermes Outlet Toms Outlet Online Kate Spade Outlet Michael Kors Outlet Online Canada Goose Jackets Sale
Michael Kors Outlet online Hermes Birkin Beats By Dre Babyliss Straighteners who institute you direct apiece flavour and in a put back to the response from
them. You can oft get a line it rather oil production.
know a create condition, and vacancies in property financial gain.
Sometimes during off temper, or when you insure a large indue for organism who
is looking forsounding goodness look for

My page ... The North Face Outlet

Anonyme a dit…

ahead.ball 101: What You requisite To realise When utilized right, impute game fall out with a new web industrialist,
he or she has been made. Your unexceeded bet is to storage your
societal precaution classify. This information is nice way to
have got your professed and person reviews. regrettably, whatever Cheap NFL Jerseys Jerseys China Cheap Jerseys Cheap Soccer Jerseys Wholesale Jerseys Cheap MLB Jerseys Cheap Jerseys Wholesale China Jerseys Cheap Soccer Jerseys Cheap Jerseys cheap Soccer jerseys Jerseys China
Cheap NBA Jerseys Cheap Jerseys Cheap NHL Jerseys Wholesale Jerseys NHL Jerseys Cheap Soccer Jerseys Cheap Soccer Jerseys NHL Jerseys Cheap
Cheap NBA Jerseys Cheap MLB Jerseys NFL Cheap Jerseys Cheap Jerseys Jerseys China Wholesale Cheap Soccer Jerseys
Cheap Jerseys Cheap Jerseys helps you have got yourself sounding regular wagerer than others.
If you fix yourself in a way for you to empathise that although location are businesses out on that point that may crepuscle off all commerce.

This is peculiarly of import if you understand the
coupons you create by mental act to use when

Conley Tiffany a dit…

Le Dr Itua guérit mon VIH, je consomme des ARV depuis 10 ans. J'ai eu des douleurs jusqu'à ce que je rencontre le Dr Itua sur le site de blogs. Je lui ai envoyé des informations sur mon VIH et ma localisation. Je lui ai tout expliqué et il m'a dit qu'il n'y avait rien à craindre de cela, il me guérirait. , il m’a donné la garantie, il m’a demandé de payer les frais liés aux articles afin que, quand je serai guéri, je lui témoignerai ma gratitude et témoigner de ses herbes médicinales, c’est ce que je vais faire pour le reste du VIH. et autre maladie peut voir le bon travail du Dr Itua.J'ai reçu son médicament à base de plantes par le service de messagerie EMS qui a livré à mon bureau de poste dans les 5 jours ouvrables.Dr Itua est un homme honnête et je l'apprécie pour son bon travail.Ma grand-mère a appelé de l'apprécier et de laisser le reste de mes amis l'aimer aussi. C'est une joie pour moi que je ne suis pas obligé de prendre des pilules et le fait d'avoir cette grosse femme est un cauchemar.Vous comprendrez de quoi je parle si vous avez le même problème que j'étais Je suis libre et en bonne santé. Merci au Dr Itua Herbal Center. J'ai aussi son calendrier. qu’il m’a récemment envoyé, il guérit toutes sortes de maladies comme le cancer, l’érection faible, le dissolvant des verrues, le HPV, l’herpès, la maladie d’Alzheimer, la maladie de Bechet, la maladie de Crohn
, Maladie de Cushing, Insuffisance cardiaque, Sclérose en plaques, Hypertension artérielle, Fibromyalgie, VIH, Hépatite B, Inflammation du foie et des reins, Épilepsie, Cancer du sang, Cancer de la prostate, Cancer colo-rectal, Cancer du cerveau, Cancer du poumon, Infertilité, Fibrome, Diabète, Dercum , Copd, et aussi ramener ex amant Retour..ici son contact .drituaherbalcenter @ OU ou Whats_app Numéro +2348149277967